Required sample size to detect the mediated effect

Matthew S. Fritz, David Mackinnon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2638 Scopus citations


Mediation models are widely used, and there are many tests of the mediated effect. One of the most common questions that researchers have when planning mediation studies is, "How many subjects do I need to achieve adequate power when testing for mediation?" This article presents the necessary sample sizes for six of the most common and the most recommended tests of mediation for various combinations of parameters, to provide a guide for researchers when designing studies or applying for grants.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)233-239
Number of pages7
JournalPsychological Science
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 2007

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)


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