Repulsion or attraction? Group membership and assumed attitude similarity

Fang Fang Chen, Douglas T. Kenrick

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

96 Scopus citations


Three studies investigated group membership effects on similarity-attraction and dissimilarity-repulsion. Membership in an in-group versus out-group was expected to create initially different levels of assumed attitude similarity. In 3 studies, ratings made after participants learned about the target's attitudes were compared with initial attraction based only on knowing target's group membership. Group membership was based on political affiliation in Study 1 and on sexual orientation in Study 2. Study 3 crossed political affiliation with target's obnoxiousness. Attitude dissimilarity produced stronger repulsion effects for in-group than for out-group members in all studies. Attitude similarity produced greater increments in attraction for political out-group members but not for targets with a stigmatic sexual orientation or personality characteristic.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)111-125
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Personality and Social Psychology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2002

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Sociology and Political Science


Dive into the research topics of 'Repulsion or attraction? Group membership and assumed attitude similarity'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this