Reliability of the VmaxST portable metabolic measurement system

J. Blessinger, B. Sawyer, C. Davis, B. A. Irving, A. Weltman, Glenn Gaesser

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations


The purpose of this study was to evaluate the reliability of the VmaxST portable metabolic measurement system. Forty-five healthy adults (age=25.7 ± 5.9 yr; height=171.8 ± 9.1 cm; weight =69.6 ± 12.8 kg; V̇O2peak=40.7ml/kg/min; percent fat=21.7 ± 11.0) performed two separate and identical exercise routines on different days consisting of treadmill walking at 2.0 mph (53.6m/min), 3.0 mph (80.5m/min), and 4.0 mph (107.3 m/min) and running at 6.0 mph (160.9m/min). V̇E and gas exchange were measured continuously breath-to-breath. A random effects model on log-transformed data yielded coefficients of variation (CV) and intraclass correlation coefficients (ICC) for V̇O2 and V̇E of 5.2-7.6%, and 0.77-0.92, respectively, for all walking and running trials. For V̇CO2, CVs were higher (10-12%) and ICCs lower (0.70-0.81). Ordinary least squares regression between the individual difference scores and the individual mean scores for V̇E, V̇O2 and V̇CO2, respectively, indicated no systematic bias (all p > 0.05). Bland-Altman analysis also illustrated no systematic bias between repeated measurements. The VmaxST provides reliable measurements of V̇O 2 and V̇E during walking and running eliciting V̇E and V̇O2 at least up to ∼ 56 and 2.2 l/min, respectively. The system appears to be less reliable for measuring V̇CO2.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)22-26
Number of pages5
JournalInternational Journal of Sports Medicine
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2009
Externally publishedYes


  • Indirect calorimetry
  • Physical activity
  • Reproducibility

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation


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