Relative torque profiles of elite male youth footballers: Effects of age and pubertal development

H. Forbes, A. Bullers, A. Lovell, L. R. McNaughton, R. C. Polman, J. C. Siegler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

37 Scopus citations


This study aimed to establish the effect of age and pubertal development on relative peak torque in youth footballers. One hundred and fifty-seven subjects were arranged into U12U18 age groups; of these 133 also completed a self-reporting measure of pubertal development (PDS) and were grouped accordingly. Bilateral isokinetic testing included mean peak torque/body weight (PT/BW) and angle of peak torque (AoPT) for reps 24 of 5 in concentric quadriceps (CQ), concentric hamstrings (CH) and eccentric hamstrings (EH) at 60 s(1). Two minutes rest were provided between concentric and eccentric tests for both legs. A significant increase with age was noted for PT/BW in CQ, CH and EH (P<0.05), although post hoc analyses revealed different patterns of significance dependent upon muscle and type of contraction. Specifically, the U18s (CQ:2.20nm/kg, CH:1.39nm/kg, EH:2.16nm/kg) were not significantly stronger than the U16s and U15s (CQ:2.42/2.29nm/kg, CH:1.41/1.27nm/kg, EH:2.22/2.15nm/kg) even though they had entered full time training. The relationship between EH PT/BW and AoPT showed a weak but significant inverse correlation (P<0.001; R=0.390 and 0.346 for dominant and non dominant legs). The findings of this study present unique football specific normative and age/PDS group data for PT/BW and AoPT, and the corresponding relationship between these variables.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)592-597
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Journal of Sports Medicine
Issue number8
StatePublished - 2009
Externally publishedYes


  • Injury prevention
  • Isokinetic
  • Pubertal development
  • Soccer
  • Youth football

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation


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