Relations between child temperament and adolescent negative urgency in a high-risk sample

Jack T. Waddell, Ariel Sternberg, Leena Bui, Ariana R. Ruof, Austin J. Blake, Kevin J. Grimm, Kit K. Elam, Nancy Eisenberg, Laurie Chassin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


Negative urgency, rash action during negative mood states, is a strong predictor of risky behavior. However, its developmental antecedents remain largely unstudied. The current study tested whether childhood temperament served as a developmental antecedent to adolescent negative urgency. Participants (N = 239) were from a longitudinal study oversampled for a family history of alcohol use disorder (AUD). Negative emotionality (anger and sadness reactivity) and effortful control were measured in childhood (5–8) and negative urgency in adolescence (13–18). Childhood anger reactivity was uniquely related to later negative urgency above and beyond sadness reactivity. Effortful control was not related to later negative urgency; however, a latent variable capturing the shared variance between childhood effortful control and anger reactivity was related to later negative urgency.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number104056
JournalJournal of Research in Personality
StatePublished - Feb 2021


  • Developmental psychology
  • Impulsivity
  • Negative urgency
  • Risky behavior
  • Temperament

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • General Psychology


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