Reflections, Diffractions, and Surface Waves for an Interior Impedance Wedge of Arbitrary Angle

Timothy Griesser, Constantine Balanis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations


The asymptotic impedance wedge solution for plane wave illumination at normal incidence is examined for interior wedge diffraction. An efficient method for calculating the diffraction coefficient for arbitrary wedge angle is presented as previous calculations were very difficult except for three specific wedge angles for the uniform geometrical theory of diffraction (UTD) expansion. The asymptotic solution isolates the incident, singly reflected, multiply reflected, diffracted, surface wave, and associated surface wave transition fields. Multiply reflected fields of any order are considered. The multiply reflected fields from the exact solution arise as ratios of auxiliary Maliuzhinets functions; however, by using properties of the Maliuzhinets functions, this representation can be reduced to products of reflection coefficients which are much more efficient for calculation. A surface wave transition field is added to the surface wave to retain continuity of the total field at the surface wave boundaries. Computations are presented here for interior wedge diffractions although the formulation is equally valid for both exterior and interior wedges with uniform but different impedances on each face for both soft and hard polarizations. In addition, the accuracy of the high-frequency asymptotic expansion is examined for small diffraction distances by direct comparison of the exact and asymptotic solutions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)927-935
Number of pages9
JournalIEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 1989

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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