Reducing Internalized Homonegativity: Refinement and Replication of an Online Intervention for Gay Men

Tania Israel, Joshua A. Goodman, Caitlin R.S. Merrill, Yen Jui Lin, Krishna G. Kary, Em Matsuno, Andrew Young Choi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


We refined and replicated an efficacious brief intervention to reduce internalized homonegativity (IH) with a sample of gay and exclusively same-sex attracted men recruited from outside of LGBT community networks using Amazon Mechanical Turk. We sought to 1) determine if levels of IH differed between the original study's community-based sample and our non-community-based sample, 2) examine the efficacy of the replicated intervention, and 3) assess for longitudinal effects of the intervention at a 30-day follow-up. Four hundred eighty-four participants completed either the intervention or a stress management control condition. Mean levels of IH were higher in the current sample compared with the earlier study's community sample. The intervention was efficacious at reducing global IH, reducing personal homonegativity, and increasing gay affirmation. Ninety-six participants completed the follow-up; follow-up results were not significant and may have been affected by high rates of attrition. Implications for research and practice are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2393-2409
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Homosexuality
Issue number14
StatePublished - 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • Gay men
  • MTurk
  • internalized heterosexism
  • internalized stigma
  • minority stress
  • online intervention
  • replication

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gender Studies
  • Social Psychology
  • Education
  • General Psychology


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