Reconceptualizing plural sourcing

Anna Krzeminska, Glenn Hoetker, Thomas Mellewigt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

43 Scopus citations


Firms often procure the same input via multiple means, e.g., making and buying. Recent papers have yielded rich, but inconsistent, theoretical and empirical insights. Resolving these inconsistencies requires reconceptualizing two aspects of plural sourcing: what and how. We reconceptualize plural sourcing as a set of combined governance modes - make-and-buy, make-and-ally, and buy-and-ally - which differ in their capabilities and limitations. We demonstrate our reconceptualization's potential with propositions predicting the choice of specific plural sourcing modes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1614-1627
Number of pages14
JournalStrategic Management Journal
Issue number13
StatePublished - Dec 2013


  • concurrent sourcing
  • governance choice
  • make-and-buy
  • plural sourcing
  • similarity
  • tapered integration

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Business and International Management
  • Strategy and Management


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