Reciprocal Relations Between Emotional Self-Efficacy Beliefs and Ego-Resiliency Across Time

Michela Milioni, Guido Alessandri, Nancy Eisenberg, Valeria Castellani, Antonio Zuffianò, Michele Vecchione, Gian Vittorio Caprara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Scopus citations


The present study examined the longitudinal relations of adolescents' self-reported ego-resiliency to their emotional self-efficacy beliefs in expressing positive emotions and in managing negative emotions as they moved into early adulthood. Participants were 239 females and 211 males with a mean age of 17 years (SD=.80) at T1, 19 years (SD=.80) at T2, 21 years (SD=.82) at T3, and 25 years (SD=.80) at T4. A four-wave cross-lagged regression model and mediational analyses were used. In a panel structural equation model controlling for the stability of the constructs, reciprocal relationships across time were found between ego-resiliency and emotional self-efficacy beliefs related to the expression of positive emotions and to the management of negative emotions. Moreover, the relation between ego-resiliency assessed at T1 and T3, and ego-resiliency assessed at T2 and T4, was mediated through emotional self-efficacy beliefs (at T2 and T3, respectively), and vice versa. The posited conceptual model accounted for a significant portion of variance in ego-resiliency and has implications for understanding the development of ego-resiliency.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)552-563
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of personality
Issue number5
StatePublished - Oct 1 2015

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology


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