Real-time corrective switching in response to simultaneous contingencies

Pranavamoorthy Balasubramanian, Kory Hedman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations


The standard optimal power flow (OPF) problem is an economic dispatch (ED) problem combined with transmission constraints, which are based on a static topology. Prior research has demonstrated that cooptimization of generation dispatch and transmission topology results in cost savings. However, the computational complexity associated with topology control (TC) has been a major deterrent to its implementation. The proposed work investigates the application of a heuristic, a greedy algorithm, to improve the computational time for the TC problem while still maintaining the ability to find quality solutions. An expression is derived, which indicates the impact on the objective for a marginal change in the state of a transmission line. This expression is used to generate a priority list with potential candidate lines for switching, which may provide huge improvements to the system. The advantage of this method is that it is a fast heuristic as compared to using mixed integer programming (MIP) to find a solution. The heuristic is tested on real-time applications such as N-1 events, N-m events (m simultaneous contingencies), and cascading events. The proposed algorithm specifically targets cases that lead to load shedding in the system and provides a quick and efficient method to restore the loads by improving the deliverability of reserves via TC. Simulation results on the IEEE 73 bus test system and the IEEE 118 bus test system suggest a significant improvement in the amount of load served to the system with TC as opposed to without TC with minimal time and computation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberB4014003
JournalJournal of Energy Engineering
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 1 2015


  • Electric power systems
  • Optimal power flow
  • Optimization
  • Power system operations
  • Topology control
  • Transmission switching

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Waste Management and Disposal


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