Reactive Silver Inks as Front Electrodes for TCO Coated Solar Cells

Michael W. Martinez-Szewczyk, Steven Digregorio, Owen Hildreth, Mariana I. Bertoni

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Scopus citations


Silicon heterojunction (SHJ) cells have shown record efficiencies of 23-25% in recent years and continue to show a promising pathway towards high-efficiency solar cells [1]-[3]. The efficiencies of these cells are typically limited by their series resistance, which results from the high resistivity of the low-temperature silver paste front-grid metallization that are required in SHJ cells. Using reactive silver ink (RSI) and dispense printing offers an alternative to fabricate solar cell front-grids with a low-resistivity compatible with low-temperature processes and all while using 97% less silver. Here we present latest results of our RSI metallization for use on TCO surfaces. We will show how these perfectly metallic inks allow us to redefine the form factor needed in advanced metallization.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2022 IEEE 49th Photovoltaics Specialists Conference, PVSC 2022
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Number of pages3
ISBN (Electronic)9781728161174
StatePublished - 2022
Event49th IEEE Photovoltaics Specialists Conference, PVSC 2022 - Philadelphia, United States
Duration: Jun 5 2022Jun 10 2022

Publication series

NameConference Record of the IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference
ISSN (Print)0160-8371


Conference49th IEEE Photovoltaics Specialists Conference, PVSC 2022
Country/TerritoryUnited States


  • Contacts
  • low-temperature metallization
  • silver

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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