Questions Regarding “Specialization in the Structure and Organization of Geography”: A Reply

Michael F. Goodchlld, Donald G. Janelle

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This response to Anne Buttimer, Anthony Gatrell, Melvin G. Marcus and James O. Wheeler allows expansion of arguments presented in “Specialization in the Structure and Organization of Geography” (Goodchild and Janelle 1988), clarification of points about the analysis, and consideration of additional questions. The order of discussion is: (a) commitment to specialization, (b) alternative formulations and interpretations of the Shannon-Weaver measure of diversity, (c) productivity versus quality, (d) the core(s) of geography, and (e) extending the research agenda.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)547-549
Number of pages3
JournalAnnals of the Association of American Geographers
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 1988
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Earth-Surface Processes


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