Plastic shrinkage cracking in restrained cement pastes reinforced with wollastonite particles of micro and submicron sizes was studied using a quantitative two-dimensional (2D) cracking experiment. A series of blended paste mixes with portland cement and different grades of wollastonite fibers were developed and tested under low vacuum conditions. Testing parameters included four grades of wollastonite with aspect ratio in the range of 3:1-20:1 and average particle size ranging from 33 to 2,000 μm at 15% cement replacement. Wollastonite beneficially altered the shrinkage cracking morphology by arresting crack growth, wherein crack lengths and widths were reduced by a factor of two, and the area by a factor of three when compared with the control specimens. However, the initial evaporation rate, early age diffusivity, and cumulative moisture loss increased. Influence of the microfibers in controlling early age drying were related to the porosity of the microstructure using mercury intrusion porosimetry (MIP).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number04016082
JournalJournal of Materials in Civil Engineering
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 1 2016


  • Cementitious paste
  • Evaporation
  • Moisture diffusivity
  • Porosity
  • Shrinkage
  • Wollastonite

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • General Materials Science
  • Mechanics of Materials


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