Psychometric Evaluation of the Demographic Index of Cultural Exposure (DICE) in Two Mexican-Origin Community Samples

Rick A. Cruz, Anna V. Wilkinson, Melissa L. Bondy, Laura M. Koehly

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


Reliability and validity evidence is provided for the Demographic Index of Cultural Exposure (DICE), consisting of six demographic proxy indicators of acculturation, within two community samples of Mexican-origin adults (N= 497 for each sample). Factor analytic procedures were used to examine the common variance shared between the six demographic indicators hypothesized to correlate with acculturation. The index was cross-validated across two samples by comparing fit indices. Finally, index criterion validity was assessed using correlations between index scores and five common behavioral/psychological domains of Latino cultural identity: language use (Spanish and English), cultural practices, folk health beliefs, and fatalism. Results indicated that the six demographic indicators loaded onto one latent factor and that this model had good fit across both samples. In addition, DICE scores correlated with four of the five behavioral/psychological measures. Future use of the DICE as an efficient way to approximate cultural exposure is discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)404-420
Number of pages17
JournalHispanic Journal of Behavioral Sciences
Issue number3
StatePublished - Aug 2012
Externally publishedYes


  • acculturation
  • health
  • immigrant
  • index
  • Mexican American

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Cultural Studies
  • Anthropology
  • Linguistics and Language


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