Prospects for a Space-Time GIS: Space-Time Integration in Geography and GIScience

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

59 Scopus citations


Space and time frame all aspects of the discipline of geography. Integration is normally interpreted by geographers as a straddling of the environmental-social divide, but a more profound interpretation stresses the issues involved in coupling environmental and social processes: a science of integration rather than an integration of sciences. Seven examples of distinct data types and scientific questions are examined, leading to the conclusion that a space-time geographic information system is unlikely to emerge in the near future. Instead, attention should focus on the systematic study of the issues involved in integration through the formal environment of a computational system.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1072-1077
Number of pages6
JournalAnnals of the Association of American Geographers
Issue number5
StatePublished - 2013
Externally publishedYes


  • geography
  • interoperability
  • social/environmental integration
  • space-time GIS

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Earth-Surface Processes


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