Prospective teachers' beliefs about imaginative thinking in K-12 schooling

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24 Scopus citations


This study examined prospective teachers' (N = 176) beliefs about the role that memorization and imaginative thinking play in K-12 schooling. Results indicate that the majority of prospective teachers (68.5%) believed there was a specific grade that teachers should place more emphasis on the memorization of correct answers rather than encourage students' imaginative thinking. Moreover, a significantly disproportionate number of prospective teachers selected the elementary grades (and 1st grade in particular) as the time when students should be encouraged to focus more on memorization. Finally, results of logistic regression analysis indicate that prospective teachers who viewed unexpected student responses as ideal were significantly more likely to believe that it was never appropriate to place more emphasis on memorization. Implications of these results, along with prospective teachers' justifications for their selections, are also discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)134-142
Number of pages9
JournalThinking Skills and Creativity
Issue number2
StatePublished - Aug 2008
Externally publishedYes


  • Imagination
  • K-12 schooling
  • Teacher beliefs

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education


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