Problem Solving and Human Expertise

T. J. Nokes, C. D. Schunn, M. T.H. Chi

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

56 Scopus citations


Developing high-level problem-solving skill is critical to successfully perform a variety of tasks in both formal (e.g., school and work) and informal (e.g., home) settings. One way to understand how people acquire such skills is to examine research on expertise in problem solving. In this article, we provide an integrative review of the psychological research on expert problem solving, describing in detail what it is, how it is acquired, and the implications for education and instruction.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationInternational Encyclopedia of Education, Third Edition
Number of pages8
ISBN (Electronic)9780080448947
StatePublished - Jan 1 2009


  • Categorization
  • Declarative knowledge
  • Expertise
  • Instruction
  • Learning
  • Problem solving
  • Procedural knowledge
  • Representation
  • Schema
  • Skill acquisition

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Social Sciences


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