Proactive socialization and behavioral self-management

Alan M. Saks, Blake E. Ashforth

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

107 Scopus citations


The purpose of this study was to examine behavioral self-management as a form of newcomer proactive socialization behavior. A longitudinal field study was conducted with a sample of 153 entry-level professionals who completed questionnaires during their first month of entry and 6 months after entry. The results indicated that self-management behavior was related to newcomers' general anxiety and stress at entry, and to internal motivation, ability to cope, and task-specific anxiety 6 months later. In addition, anxiety and stress at entry were found to mediate the relationships between self-management and ability to cope and task-specific anxiety. The research and practical implications of these findings are discussed. It is recommended that future research integrate the self-management and information seeking perspectives to provide a more complete theory of proactive socialization.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)301-323
Number of pages23
JournalJournal of Vocational Behavior
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jun 1996
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Applied Psychology
  • Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management
  • Life-span and Life-course Studies


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