Prior stimulation and the masking-level difference

William A. Yost

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

34 Scopus citations


Signal detection in diotic (NoSo) and dichotic (nosπconditions was measured as a function of the stimulus parameters of the noise that preceded the signal-plus-masker. When the signal and masker were both pulsed, dichotic signal detection was worse than when the masker was continuous or when the onset of the masker preceded the signal-plus-masker by at least 500 ms. the dichotic detection thresholds decreased as the duration of the pulsed signal plus pulsed masker was increased. the level, spectrum, interaural configuration, duration, and temporal proximity of the prior noise (forward fringe) relative to the masker and/or signal and masker were all investigated. Almost any difference between the parameters of the fringe and the masker resulted in poorer signal detection in the dichotic conditions. These same stimulus conditions produced small (less than 2.2 dB) changes in the diotic detection thresholds. The various models of the Masking-Level Difference (MLD) may be modified to qualitatively describe some of these results.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)901-907
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the Acoustical Society of America
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 1985
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Acoustics and Ultrasonics


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