Pressure-induced crystallization of amorphous red phosphorus

Erin N. Rissi, Emmanuel Soignard, Keri A. McKiernan, Chris J. Benmore, Jeffery Yarger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

51 Scopus citations


Structural transitions in amorphous red phosphorus were studied at ambient temperature and pressures up to 12 GPa. Amorphous (red) phosphorus was observed to transform into crystalline black phosphorus at 7.5 ± 0.5 GPa using diamond anvil cell Raman spectroscopy, x-ray diffraction and a direct equation of state (EoS) measurement. The transition was found to be irreversible and the material recovered upon pressure cycling to 10 to 12 GPa was crystalline orthorhombic black phosphorus. A third order BirchMurnaghan EoS was fit to the data and a bulk modulus (B0) of 11.2 GPa was measured for amorphous red phosphorus.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)390-394
Number of pages5
JournalSolid State Communications
Issue number5
StatePublished - Mar 2012


  • A. Disordered systems
  • D. Phase transitions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Materials Chemistry


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