Preliminary prediction of endurance limit for asphalt rubber mixtures due to healing

Mena I. Souliman, Michael Mamlouk, Kamil Kaloush

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


One of the main requirements of designing perpetual pavements is to determine the endurance limit of asphalt mixtures. The endurance limit is the strain below which no fatigue damage occurs or can be healed during unloading. If the pavement thickness is controlled so that the strain at the bottom of the asphalt layer is kept below the endurance limit, the pavement would endure indefinite load repetitions and would not experience bottom-up fatigue cracking. Field observation shows that an endurance limit for hot mix asphalt (HMA) does exist. The endurance limit values were previously determined in the laboratory in the NCHRP Project 9-44A for conventional HMA at different conditions. The purpose of this paper was to determine the endurance limit values for asphalt rubber (AR) mixtures using laboratory beam fatigue tests. The paper discusses the results of a study that produced a preliminary estimation of the endurance limit for an asphalt rubber mixture placed in Sweden. This study included 24 beam fatigue laboratory tests conducted according to the AASHTO T321-03 test procedure with rest periods between loading cycles. Two factors that affect the fatigue response of asphalt mixtures were evaluated, which are the applied strain and the rest period between loading cycles. A model was developed to determine the stiffness ratio as a function of strain and rest period. The endurance limit was determined using the developed model by setting the stiffness ratio as one, indicating no accumulated damage or complete healing. Endurance limit values for the AR mixture ranged from 150 to 175 microstrain at 20 °C, which are significantly higher than those of conventional HMA. This indicates that a thinner asphalt rubber layer can beusedtoreach the endurance limit ascomparedto the HMA layer. Determining the endurance limit ofasphalt rubber has significant design and economic implications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)964-969
Number of pages6
JournalCanadian Journal of Civil Engineering
Issue number11
StatePublished - Oct 3 2014


  • Asphalt rubber
  • Endurance limit
  • Fatigue
  • Healing
  • Rest period

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • General Environmental Science


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