Predicting American Indian adolescent substance use trajectories following inpatient treatment

Alison J. Boyd-Ball, Thomas J. Dishion, Michael W. Myers, John Light

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


This study examined the effects of psychopathological, peer, family, and cultural predictors of American Indian adolescents' drug use following inpatient treatment. Data regarding lifetime, 90 days prior to treatment, and 1-year posttreatment substance use were collected using interviews, questionnaires, and observations of 57 American Indian adolescents and their families. Trajectories of days-used measures were subjected to semiparametric trajectory analysis. Trajectories were then compared on baseline measures by using both univariate and multivariate logit regression techniques. The study sought to identify prerelease predictors of membership in post-inpatient treatment substance use trajectory groups. Findings provide insight into the unique and shared risk and protective factors relevant to American Indian adolescents' substance use outcomes. In particular, this study suggests that a combination of family management and American Indian traditional cultural practices in families serves as a potential target for interventions to reduce substance use in adolescence.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)181-201
Number of pages21
JournalJournal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jul 2011


  • American Indian adolescents
  • cultural practices and values
  • residential treatment
  • substance use

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Health(social science)


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