Precautionary wealth and income uncertainty: A household-level analysis

Ashok K. Mishra, Hiroki Uematsu, Rebekah R. Powell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


This study investigates the presence of precautionary savings among self-employed farm households using an instrumental variable approach on farm-level data. Results indicate that precautionary saving is a powerful determinant of wealth accumulation among U.S. farm households. Precautionary savings account for 53% of total wealth accumulation in general. Our results indicate an age-wealth profile that is consistent with the life-cycle hypothesis. The share of precautionary saving in total wealth accumulation differs across farm households. Results show that for farm households receiving government payments (designed to benefit farmers by reducing income variability), precautionary saving account for a large share (51%) of wealth accumulation, compared to 41% for households that do not receive any government payments.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)353-369
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Applied Economics
Issue number2
StatePublished - Nov 2012
Externally publishedYes


  • D91
  • G18
  • Government program
  • Income uncertainty
  • Instrumental variables
  • J24
  • Life-cycle
  • Permanent income
  • Precautionary savings
  • Q12

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Economics, Econometrics and Finance(all)


Dive into the research topics of 'Precautionary wealth and income uncertainty: A household-level analysis'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this