Practice Integration Profile Revised: Improving Item Readability and Completion

Gail L. Rose, Tara L. Weldon, Mindy L. McEntee, Juvena R. Hitt, Rodger Kessler, Benjamin Littenberg, C. R. Macchi, Matthew P. Martin, Daniel J. Mullin, Constance van Eeghen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Introduction: The Practice Integration Profile (PIP) is a reliable, valid, and broadly used measure of the integration of behavioral health (BH) into primary care. The PIP assesses operational and procedural elements that are grounded in the AHRQ Lexicon for Behavioral Health and Primary Care Integration. Prior analyses of PIP data and feedback from users suggested the measure was in need of revisions. This article describes the process used to improve readability, clarity, and pragmatic utility of the instrument. Method: Two rounds of structured cognitive interviews were conducted with clinicians in primary care settings. After each round, interview transcripts were coded by an analytic team using an iterative and consensus-driven process. Themes were identified based on codes. Themes and recommendations for revisions were reviewed and modified by committee. Results: Based on feedback and a prior factor analysis of the PIP, revisions were undertaken to: (a) eliminate redundant or overlapping items; (b) clarify the meaning of items; (c) standardize the response categories, and (d) place items in the most appropriate domains. The resulting measure has 28 items in five domains. Discussion: PIP 2.0 will need further examination to confirm its continuing use as a foundational tool for evaluating integrated care.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)201-206
Number of pages6
JournalFamilies, Systems and Health
Issue number2
StatePublished - Sep 2022


  • delivery of health care
  • integrated behavioral health
  • primary care
  • questionnaire design
  • survey methodology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Applied Psychology


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