Potential tuning in the S W system. (i) Bringing Tc,2 to ambient pressure, and (II) colliding Tc,2 with the liquid vapor spinodal

Charles Angell, Vitaliy Kapko

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


Following Vasisht et al s identification of the second critical point (Tc2, Pc2) for liquid silicon in the Stillinger Weber (S W) model for silicon, we study the variation of Tc2, Pc2 with tetrahedral repulsion parameter in an extension of the earlier potential tuning study of this system. We use the simple isochore crossing approach to identify the location of the second critical point (before any crystallization can occur) as a function of the tuning or tetrahedrality , parameter λ, and identify two phenomena of high interest content. The first is that the second critical point pressure Pc2, becomes less negative as λ decreases from the silicon value (meaning the drive to high tetrahedrality is decreased) and reaches zero pressure at the same value of lambda found to mark the onset of glassforming ability in an earlier study of this tunable system. The second is that, as the Tc,2 approaches the temperature of the liquid gas spinodal, λ > 22, the behavior of the temperature of maximum density (TMD) switches from the behavior seen in most current water pair potential models (locus of TMDs has a maximum), to the behavior seen in empirical engineering multiparameter equations of state (EoS) (and also by two parameter Speedy isothermal expansion EoS) for water, according to which the locus of TMDs of HDL phase has no maximum, and the EoS for HDL has no second critical point. At λ = 23 the behavior is isomorphic with that of the mW model of water, which is now seen to conform, at least closely, to the critical point free scenario for water.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number094004
JournalJournal of Statistical Mechanics: Theory and Experiment
Issue number9
StatePublished - 2016


  • Ergodicity breaking
  • Glasses (structural)
  • Random/ordered microstructures

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
  • Statistics and Probability
  • Statistics, Probability and Uncertainty


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