Positive and negative affect: A maximum-likelihood approach

Mary Holland Benin, William A. Stock, Morris A. Okun

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


Using the LISREL maximum-likelihood program, the relation between Bradburn's positive affect and negative affect scales is examined for three age groups of adults. It is found that (a) unequal item loadings fit significantly better than equal item loadings; (b) the best-fitting loadings for the elderly are significantly different from those of the non-elderly; (c) the positive and negative affect scales are substantially correlated and (d) correlations with related variables are stronger when positive and negative affect scales are formed by maximum-likelihood loadings rather than by unit loadings. Given the widespread use of Bradburn's scales, implications of these results for subjective well-being are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)165-175
Number of pages11
JournalSocial Indicators Research
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 1988

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • General Social Sciences


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