Population forces and environmental change: Observations from Western Chitwan, Nepal

Stephen A. Matthews, Ganesh P. Shivakoti, Netra Chhetri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations


In this article we report on preliminary observations from an ongoing longitudinal study of the reciprocal relations between population and environmental factors in Western Chitwan, Nepal (a recently deforested, settled, and cultivated area). We discuss population forces associated with environmental change, focusing on forest utilization and flora biodiversity in an area where many residents rely on local forest resources. Our work draws on data gathered from multiple methods including interviews, land-use mapping, and environmental surveys. We find some evidence of population and land-use change influencing forest utilizing and diversity in the forested areas surrounding Western Chitwan.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)763-775
Number of pages13
JournalSociety and Natural Resources
Issue number8
StatePublished - 2000
Externally publishedYes


  • Forest biodiversity
  • Land use
  • Population
  • Western Chitwan (Nepal)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Development
  • Environmental Science (miscellaneous)
  • Sociology and Political Science


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