Photoemission investigation of the Schottky barrier at the Sc/3C-SiC (111) interface

Sean W. King, Robert Nemanich, Robert F. Davis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations


The Schottky barrier and interfacial chemistry for interfaces formed by evaporation of Sc onto 3C-SiC (111)-(1x1) surfaces at 600 °C has been investigated using in situ X-ray and ultraviolet photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS and UPS) and low energy electron diffraction (LEED). Sc was observed to grow in a two-dimensional manner and exhibit a (1x1) LEED pattern up to thicknesses of~2 nmbeyond which diffraction patterns were no longer observable. XPS measurements of these same films showed a clear reaction of Sc with the 3C-SiC (111)-(1x1) surface to form a ScSix and ScCx interfacial layer in addition to the formation of a metallic Sc film. XPS measurements also showed the deposition of Sc induced ~0.5 eV of upward band bending resulting in a Schottky barrier of 0.65±0.15 eV.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)391-396
Number of pages6
JournalPhysica Status Solidi (B) Basic Research
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 1 2015


  • Scandium
  • Schottky barrier
  • Silicon carbide
  • XPS

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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