Phase-field simulations of curvature-induced cascading of Widmanstätten-ferrite plates

Avisor Bhattacharya, Kumar Ankit, Britta Nestler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


In the present study, we employ a multiphase-field model based on the grand chemical potential formulation to simulate the morphological evolution of secondary Widmanstätten ferrite (α') during isothermal γ (austenite) →α' transformation in binary Fe-C steels. We add the stored-energy to the free-energy data obtained from CALPHAD database to simulate realistic kinetics of α' plates in diffusion-controlled regime. By implementing an elliptic anisotropy in the interfacial energy, we study the influence of supersaturation on the growth kinetics and stable morphologies of the single plate and colonies while scrutinising the conformity of numerical simulations with theory. For the first time, we elucidate the curvature-driven mechanism by which, a cascade of parallel offspring plates evolve adjacent to the parent sideplate. The present phase-field simulations, while providing significant insights into the curvature-induced mechanism of evolution of α' colony, also close the gap with in-situ observations reported earlier.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)317-328
Number of pages12
JournalActa Materialia
StatePublished - Jan 15 2017
Externally publishedYes


  • Anisotropy
  • Diffusional transformation
  • Phase-field model
  • Steel
  • Widmanstätten ferrite

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Metals and Alloys


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