Phase and morphological segregation in Ti-MCM-41

Vidura Nalin Jayaratne, Shery L.Y. Chang, Xi Ya Fang, Alan L. Chaffee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


In this study Ti-MCM-41 materials have been synthesised and characterised with a view to developing Ti anchoring sites for supporting metal nanoparticles. Up to 20%Ti has been incorporated into the matrix using titanium iso-propoxide. A soft-templating approach has been followed, and the reaction is carried out under highly alkaline conditions. The N 2-sorption and XRD results indicate that a hexagonal mesoporous material is present. However, electron microscopy characterisations indicate that phase and morphological heterogeneities exist. At the atomic scale two phases of oxide particles are formed: a hexagonal mesoporous silicate phase and an amorphous porous titanosilicate phase. At the bulk scale these particles gather into aggregates (>100 μm) which are segregated into Ti-rich and Si-rich entities. Thus, the heterogeneity occurs at both atomic and bulk scales. Although clearly revealed by electron microscopy, these heterogeneities are impervious to detection by the traditional N 2-sorption and low-angle XRD approaches.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)466-473
Number of pages8
JournalMicroporous and Mesoporous Materials
StatePublished - Mar 15 2012
Externally publishedYes


  • Catalyst substrate
  • Compositional mapping
  • Electron microscopy
  • Precursor delivery sequence
  • Titanosilicate

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials


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