Perspectives on the use of landscape genetics to detect genetic adaptive variation in the field

Stéphanie Manel, Stéphane Joost, Bryan K. Epperson, Rolf Holderegger, Andrew Storfer, Michael S. Rosenberg, Kim T. Scribner, Aurélie Bonin, Marie Josée Fortin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

210 Scopus citations


Understanding the genetic basis of species adaptation in the context of global change poses one of the greatest challenges of this century. Although we have begun to understand the molecular basis of adaptation in those species for which whole genome sequences are available, the molecular basis of adaptation is still poorly understood for most non-model species. In this paper, we outline major challenges and future research directions for correlating environmental factors with molecular markers to identify adaptive genetic variation, and point to research gaps in the application of landscape genetics to real-world problems arising from global change, such as the ability of organisms to adapt over rapid time scales. High throughput sequencing generates vast quantities of molecular data to address the challenge of studying adaptive genetic variation in non-model species. Here, we suggest that improvements in the sampling design should consider spatial dependence among sampled individuals. Then, we describe available statistical approaches for integrating spatial dependence into landscape analyses of adaptive genetic variation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3760-3772
Number of pages13
JournalMolecular ecology
Issue number17
StatePublished - Sep 2010


  • computational approach
  • genome scan
  • landscape genomics
  • local adaptation
  • molecular techniques
  • regression analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Genetics


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