Performance of 26650 Li-ion cells at elevated temperature under simulated PHEV drive cycles

P. Badami, A. Opitz, L. Shen, R. Vaidya, Abdel Mayyas, K. Knoop, A. Razdan, Arunachala Mada Kannan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


Cylindrical (type: 26650) Li-ion cells (LiFePO4 cathodes) currently used in the electric vehicles (EVs), plug-in hybrid electric vehicles etc. were subjected to simulated federal urban driving schedule at 25 and 50 °C for performance evaluation. Drive profiles (current versus time) for charge sustaining and charge depleting modes were derived from the federal urban driving schedule velocity profiles considering acceleration, regenerative braking, rolling resistance, drag force etc. for typical plug-in hybrid electric vehicles. In particular, the batteries were cycled extensively at 50 °C under charge sustaining as well as charge depleting modes to monitor capacity values, followed by analyzing the LiFePO4 cathode material by X-ray diffraction analysis. The capacity degradation was found to be very significant in both the modes with 13 and 19% under charge sustaining and charge depleting modes after 337 and 1007 cycles, respectively at elevated temperature. High frequency resistance values measured by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy were found to increase significantly under high temperature cycling, leading to power fading. As evident from Rietveld analysis, phase change in LiFePO4 is observed beyond 1000 cycles at elevated temperature under charge depleting mode, with the observation of FePO4 from the powder diffraction data of the cathodes from the cycled cells. In addition, there was also significant change in crystallite size of the cathode active materials after charge/discharge cycling under charge depleting mode.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)12396-12404
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Issue number17
StatePublished - Apr 27 2017


  • Capacity fading
  • Charge depleting mode
  • Charge sustaining mode
  • LiFePO cathodes
  • Plug-in electric vehicles

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology


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