Perceptions of carry-over crowding in recreation environments

Kathleen L. Andereck, Robert H. Becker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Scopus citations


Anticipatory responding is an aspect of social interference and stimulus overload theories not previously used in recreation crowding research. The concept suggests that prior information about a setting will affect an individual's response to that setting. The hypothesis was tested that individuals' perceptions of crowding in one recreation environment will influence perceptions of crowding in a subsequent environment. This can be considered a carry-over crowding effect. Results indicate that there is evidence of such an effect. Density and perceived crowding during one phase of a recreation experience were directly and indirectly related to expectations and preferences for density and perceived crowding in a second phase of the experience.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)25-35
Number of pages11
JournalLeisure Sciences
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 1993
Externally publishedYes


  • Anticipatory responding
  • Carry-over crowding
  • Perceived crowding

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Science (miscellaneous)
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Tourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management


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