Interrelations among perceived risk for breast cancer, objective risk factors, and both breast self-examination (BSE) and mammography screening were examined across two waves of a longitudinal study of breast cancer screening. Participants were a community sample of 335 predominantly White middle-class women, aged 37 to 77, who had not had breast cancer. Factors believed by women to determine their self-rated risk level for breast cancer were investigated. Women held optimistic biases about their own breast cancer risk; they often erroneously attributed their relatively lower perceived risk to personal actions, including mammography screening. Compliance with mammography screening but not BSE recommendations increased over time. Perceived susceptibility to breast cancer was related to both family history and breast symptomatology; early mammography screening was positively related to perceived susceptibility later in time.
|Number of pages
|Women's health (Hillsdale, N.J.)
|Published - Jan 1 1995
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Obstetrics and Gynecology
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health