Parenting Wisely Six Months Later: How Implementation Delivery Impacts Program Effects at Follow-Up

Katie Stalker, Roderick A. Rose, Martica Bacallao, Paul R. Smokowski

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


We evaluated the effectiveness of the Parenting Wisely (PW) program 6 months post intervention and assessed differences based on delivery format. Using a quasi-experimental design, parents (N = 311) participated in the PW program in one of five formats (i.e., parents-only intensive workshop, parents-only 5-week group, parents and adolescents 5-week group, parent and adolescent online, and parent-only online format). An additional 53 parents served as a comparison group. We used the McMaster Family Assessment Device, the Child Behavior Checklist, and the Violent Behavior Checklist to measure family functioning, parenting, and adolescent behavior. Relative to the comparison group, at 6 month follow-up parents who participated in PW reported increases in confidence in their parenting skills, decreases in conflicts with their adolescents, and decreases in adolescent externalizing and violent behavior. Mechanisms of change analyses supported the conceptual model that program effects were related to child behavior changes by influencing positive parenting and decreasing negative family dynamics. PW effectiveness did not vary substantially by delivery format, except for the intensive workshop format, which was less effective than other formats. These findings extend research on PW to include evidence of sustained program effects on adolescent externalizing and violent behaviors in an ethnically diverse, socioeconomically disadvantaged sample. Study findings are relevant to agencies and clinicians who are seeking to implement an evidence-based, flexible parent-training program.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)129-153
Number of pages25
JournalJournal of Primary Prevention
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 1 2018


  • Adolescent behavior
  • Computer-based intervention
  • Evaluation
  • Parenting
  • Prevention

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


Dive into the research topics of 'Parenting Wisely Six Months Later: How Implementation Delivery Impacts Program Effects at Follow-Up'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this