Parental images in two cultures: A Study of Women in India and America

Suniya S. Luthar, Donald M. Quinlan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Relationships between reported parental behavior and depressive tendencies, self-esteem, and ego development were studied in young women in India (N = 53) and America (N = 50). It was expected that the more family-centered Indian culture would yield different results from the more centripetal American culture both in the characteristics ascribed to parents and the inter correlations among the measures. Compared to American, Indian women described both parents as more caring and less protective. Across both cultures, the Maternal Weak Bonding and Optimal Bonding groups differed on self-critical depressive tendencies and ego development. Maternal Affectionless Control was accompained by less dependency among Indians, and by higher dependency among Americans. Somewhat unexpectedly, high Maternal Caring accompanied lower levels of ego development. The results are discussed in terms of differing patterns of transmitting expectations to daughters in the two cultures.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)186-202
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Cross-Cultural Psychology
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jun 1993
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Cultural Studies
  • Anthropology


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