Over-expression of the LH receptor increases distant metastases in an endometrial cancer mouse model

Serena Pillozzi, Angelo Fortunato, Emanuele De Lorenzo, Elena Borrani, Massimo Giachi, Gianfranco Scarselli, Annarosa Arcangeli, Ivo Noci

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


Objective: The aim of the present study was to define the role of luteinizing hormone receptor (LH-R) expression in endometrial cancer (EC), using preclinical mouse models, to further transfer these data to the clinical setting. Materials and Methods: The role of LH-R over-expression was studied using EC cells (Hec1A, e.g., cells with low endogenous LH-R expression) transfected with the LH-R (Hec1A-LH-R). In vitro cell proliferation was measured through the WST-1 assay, whereas cell invasion was measured trough the matrigel assay. The effects of LH-R over-expression in vivo were analyzed in an appropriately developed preclinical mouse model of EC, which mimicked postmenopausal conditions. The model consisted in an orthotopic xenograft of Hec1A cells into immunodeficient mice treated daily with recombinant LH, to assure high levels of LH. Results: In vitro data indicated that LH-R over-expression increased Hec1A invasiveness. In vivo results showed that tumors arising from Hec1A-LH-R cells injection displayed a higher local invasion and a higher number of distant metastases, mainly in the lung, compared to tumors obtained from the injection of Hec1A cells. LH withdrawal strongly inhibited local and distant metastatic spread of tumors, especially those arising from Hec1A-LH-R cells. Conclusion: The over-expression of the LH-R increases the ability of EC cells to undergo local invasion and metastatic spread. This occurs in the presence of high LH serum concentrations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberArticle 285
JournalFrontiers in Oncology
Volume3 NOV
StatePublished - 2013
Externally publishedYes


  • Endometrial carcinoma
  • Invasion
  • LH
  • LH-R
  • Metastasis
  • Mouse model

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research


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