We have studied CO oxidation over a ternary CuOx/Co3O4-CeO2 catalyst and employed the techniques of N2 adsorption/desporption, XRD, TPR, TEM, in situ DRIFTS, and QMS (quadrupole mass spectrometry) to explore the origin of active oxygen. DRIFTS-QMS results with labeled 18O2 indicate that the origin of active oxygens in CuOx/Co3O4-CeO2 obeys a model, called a queue mechanism. Namely gas-phase molecular oxygens are dissociated to atomic oxygens and then incorporated in oxygen vacancies located at the interface of Co3O4-CeO2 to form active crystalline oxygens, and these active oxygens diffuse to the CO-Cu+ sites thanks to the oxygen vacancy concentration magnitude and react with the activated CO to form CO2. This process, obeying a queue rule, provides active oxygens to form CO2 from gas-phase O2 via oxygen vacancies and crystalline oxygen at the interface of Co3O4-CeO2.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- General Energy
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films