Orbital effects on exchange interactions

R. J. Elliott, M. F. Thorpe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

128 Scopus citations


Many magnetic materials contain ions in which the orbital contribution to the magnetic moment is important. This is normally the case in the rare earths and the actinides, where there is strong spin-orbit coupling and weak crystal fields, and it also occurs in transition metal ions like Fe2+ and Co2+. This orbital contribution leads to asymmetric charge clouds and the corresponding asymmetry of the transfer and overlap integrals means that the exchange interaction between pairs of such ions is not of the Heisenberg form but contains more complicated functions of the angular momentum operators. The microscopic form of the exchange and coulomb interaction between pairs of electrons is considered in the single-electron representation and transformed to the (L, S) and J representations of many-electron atomic states, and finally to a pseudospin representation which spans the lowest-lying atomic states in the presence of crystal fields. The symmetry restrictions on this pseudospin Hamiltonian are considered. Detailed calculations are made of a model of UO 2 using Anderson's kinetic exchange mechanism.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)802-807
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Applied Physics
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1968

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)


Dive into the research topics of 'Orbital effects on exchange interactions'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this