Oppositional Human Factors in Cybersecurity: A Preliminary Analysis of Affective States

Kimberly J. Ferguson-Walter, Robert S. Gutzwiller, Dakota D. Scott, Craig J. Johnson

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

The need for cyber defense research is growing as more cyber-attacks are directed at critical infrastructure and other sensitive networks. Traditionally, the focus has been on hardening system defenses. However, other techniques are being explored including cyber and psychological deception which aim to negatively impact the cognitive and emotional state of cyber attackers directly through the manipulation of network characteristics. In this study, we present a preliminary analysis of survey data collected following a controlled experiment in which over 130 professional red teamers participated in a network penetration task that included cyber deception and psychological deception manipulations [7]. Thematic and inductive analysis of previously un-analyzed open-ended survey responses revealed factors associated with affective states. These preliminary results are a first step in our analysis efforts and show that there are potentially several distinct dimensions of cyber-behavior that induce negative affective states in cyber attackers, which may serve as potential avenues for supplementing traditional cyber defense strategies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings - 2021 36th IEEE/ACM International Conference on Automated Software Engineering Workshops, ASEW 2021
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages153-158
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)9781665435833
DOIs
StatePublished - 2021
Event36th IEEE/ACM International Conference on Automated Software Engineering Workshops, ASEW 2021 - Virtual, Online, Australia
Duration: Nov 15 2021Nov 19 2021

Publication series

NameProceedings - 2021 36th IEEE/ACM International Conference on Automated Software Engineering Workshops, ASEW 2021

Conference

Conference36th IEEE/ACM International Conference on Automated Software Engineering Workshops, ASEW 2021
Country/TerritoryAustralia
CityVirtual, Online
Period11/15/2111/19/21

Keywords

  • Affect and Emotions
  • Deception
  • Human Factors
  • Oppositional Human Factors
  • Psychology
  • Qualitative Data Analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Control and Optimization

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