Opportunity, involvement, and student exposure to school violence

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45 Scopus citations


Exposure to violence, beyond more obvious physical injuries, has long-term emotional and psychological consequences for youth. It should thus come as no surprise that much research has focused on the correlates of youth exposure to violence and victimization. Less attention, however, has been paid to research examining the relationship between school involvement (i.e., extracurricular activities), opportunity, and youth exposure to school violence and victimization. Analyses that draw from the restricted-use Educational Longitudinal Study of 2002 and that use logistic regression analyses suggest some important results. Most notably, involvement in classroom-related extracurricular activities is linked to an increase in victimization, whereas interscholastic sports involvement is related to a decrease in victimization for youth who participate. Besides discussing the findings of this study, this article also underscores the importance of understanding youth exposure to school violence in greater depth.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)299-312
Number of pages14
JournalYouth Violence and Juvenile Justice
Issue number4
StatePublished - Oct 2009
Externally publishedYes


  • Extracurricular activity
  • School violence
  • Victimization
  • Youth

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Law


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