On dual Schur domain decomposition method for linear first-order transient problems

K. B. Nakshatrala, A. Prakash, Keith Hjelmstad

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11 Scopus citations


This paper addresses some numerical and theoretical aspects of dual Schur domain decomposition methods for linear first-order transient partial differential equations. The spatially discrete system of equations resulting from a dual Schur domain decomposition method can be expressed as a system of differential-algebraic equations (DAEs). In this work, we consider the trapezoidal family of schemes for integrating the ordinary differential equations (ODEs) for each subdomain and present four different coupling methods, corresponding to different algebraic constraints, for enforcing kinematic continuity on the interface between the subdomains. Unlike the continuous formulation, the discretized formulation of the transient problem is unable to enforce simultaneously the continuity of both the primary variable and its rate along the subdomain interface (except for the backward Euler method). Method 1 (d-continuity) is based on the conventional approach using continuity of the primary variable and we show that this method is unstable for a lot of commonly used time integrators including the mid-point rule. To alleviate this difficulty, we propose a new Method 2 (modified d-continuity) and prove its stability for coupling all time integrators in the trapezoidal family (except the forward Euler). Method 3 (v-continuity) is based on enforcing the continuity of the time derivative of the primary variable. However, this constraint introduces a drift in the primary variable on the interface. We present Method 4 (Baumgarte stabilized) which uses Baumgarte stabilization to limit this drift and we derive bounds for the stabilization parameter to ensure stability. Our stability analysis is based on the "energy" method, and one of the main contributions of this paper is the extension of the energy method (which was previously introduced in the context of numerical methods for ODEs) to assess the stability of numerical formulations for index-2 differential-algebraic equations (DAEs). Finally, we present numerical examples to corroborate our theoretical predictions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)7957-7985
Number of pages29
JournalJournal of Computational Physics
Issue number21
StatePublished - Nov 20 2009


  • Coupling algorithms
  • Differential-algebraic equations
  • Dual Schur domain decomposition method
  • Generalized trapezoidal family

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Numerical Analysis
  • Modeling and Simulation
  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)
  • General Physics and Astronomy
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Computational Mathematics
  • Applied Mathematics


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