Oligomeric A2 + B3 synthesis of highly branched polysulfone ionomers: novel candidates for ionic polymer transducers

Andrew J. Duncan, John M. Layman, Matthew P. Cashion, Donald J. Leo, Timothy E. Long

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations


Highly branched poly(arylene ether sulfone)s with systematically varied degrees of branching andsulfonationwere synthesized through oligomeric A2 + B3 methods for application as ionic polymer transducer (IPT) membranes. IPTs area class of electroactive polymer devices that leverage ionomeric membranes to perform electromechanical transduction as actuators and/or sensors. Synthesis of controlled molecular weight A2 oligomeric polysulfones targeted the global degree of branching (DBglobal) to approximately 1-3% in the absence of gelation. Size exclusion chromatography confirmed molecular weights greater than 20 000 g mol-1 were achieved for linear and branched polysulfones. Increased degree of sulfonation of the A2 oligomers reduced the development of molecular weight in the oligomeric A2 + B3 branching reaction; the formation of tough, flexible, ion-conducting membranes is required for emerging transducer applications. Variation in the DBglobal attained did not affect the thermal transitions or elastic modulus as significantly as changes in the degree of sulfonation. However, an ionic dissociation temperature was detected below the glass transition temperature of the polysulfone matrix and was relatively independent of the degree of sulfonation. Successful synthesis and characterization of these well-defined branched polysulfone ionomers provide a basis for future investigation of polymer topology effects on IPT performance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)25-35
Number of pages11
JournalPolymer International
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2010
Externally publishedYes


  • Degree of branching
  • Hyperbranched
  • Ionic polymer transducer
  • Ionomer
  • Oligomeric A + B polymerization
  • Polysulfone

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry


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