Observations - Fit to lead: Is fitness the key to effective executive leadership?

Christopher Neck, T. L. Mitchell, Charles C. Manz, Kenneth H. Cooper, Emmet C. Thompson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


This article describes the importance of fitness (chiefly exercise) for top ranking executive leaders and for their respective organizations. The authors discuss how fitness can contribute to stamina, mental clarity, ability to cope with stress and a variety of other factors that can affect an executive's ability to lead. The authors support this premise by drawing on key research studies and actual accounts of top executives from a variety of business organizations. The authors feature information obtained from direct interviews with the year 2000 USA presidential candidates, Al Gore and George W. Bush. The authors view them as high profile models of how fitness can be given high priority for maintaining personal effectiveness for even the busiest executive leaders.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)833-841
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Managerial Psychology
Issue number8
StatePublished - Dec 1 2000
Externally publishedYes


  • Exercise
  • Fitness
  • Leadership

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Applied Psychology
  • Management Science and Operations Research
  • Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management


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