New stable two dimensional silicon carbide nanosheets

Qun Wei, Ying Yang, Guang Yang, Xihong Peng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


We predict the existence of new two dimensional (2D) silicon carbide nanostructures employing ab initio density-functional theory calculations. These structures are composed of tetragonal and hexagonal rings with C─C and Si─C bonds arranged in a buckling plane. They are proven to be thermodynamically and mechanically stable with relatively low formation energy, implying potential fabrication in labs. They exhibit strong ductility and anisotropicity from their strain-stress relations and directional dependence of mechanical moduli. The materials maintain phonon stability upon the application of mechanical strain up to 27% with fantastic ductile property. The proposed 2D SiC2 structure possesses a tiny direct band gap of 0.02 eV predicted using HSE06 functional and the band gap can be opened up through multiple approaches such as hydrogenation and strain application. The gap values can be strategically tuned in the range of 0.02–1.72 eV and the direct/indirect gap nature can be further manipulated. In contrast, a closely related isostructural 2D SiC shows an indirect HSE band gap of 1.80 eV and strain engineering its value between 0.0–1.95 eV. The unique properties in these newly proposed structures might have potential applications in future nanomechanics and electronics.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number159201
JournalJournal of Alloys and Compounds
StatePublished - Jul 5 2021


  • 2D silicon carbide
  • Band gap
  • Band structure
  • Hydrogenation
  • Moduli
  • Strain engineering
  • Strain-stress relation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry


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