Motives for Helping: Exploring Cultural Influences on Extra-Role Behavior

Melody L. Wollan, Mary F. Sully de Luque, Marko Grunhagen

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations


This paper suggests that motives for engaging in affiliative-promotive “helping” extra-role behavior is related to cross-cultural differences. The cultural dimensions of in-group collectivism, uncertainty avoidance, performance orientation, and humane orientation, and their differential effect on helping extra-role behavior in a diverse workforce are examined. Theoretical implications provide guidance for future empirical research in this area, and provide managers with more realistic expectations of employee performance in the workplace.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)99-119
Number of pages21
JournalMultinational Business Review
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 11 2009


  • Employee performance
  • Extra-role behavior
  • Humane orientation
  • In-group collectivism
  • Performance orientation
  • Uncertainty avoidance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Business and International Management
  • General Business, Management and Accounting


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