More than the Sum of Their Parts: Approaches to Understand a Network of Plans

Sierra Woodruff, Sara Meerow, Bryce Hannibal, Melina Matos, Malini Roy, Philip Gilbertson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


Communities create a variety of plans that collectively shape future development patterns. Methodological approaches to analyze multiple plans and their relationships have been underdeveloped. We compare four complementary methodological approaches to study the relationships between plans: (1) cross-referencing, (2) plan quality evaluation, (3) plan integration for resilience scorecard, and (4) social network analysis. We apply each approach to Boston’s network of plans to understand how the city’s plans together address current and future flooding. We find relatively strong integration of plans in Boston. When combined, these four approaches provide a more comprehensive framework for understanding networks of plans.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Planning Education and Research
StateAccepted/In press - 2022


  • climate change
  • coordination
  • flooding
  • network of plans
  • plan integration
  • social network analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Development
  • Urban Studies


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