Momentum-Dark Intervalley Exciton in Monolayer Tungsten Diselenide Brightened via Chiral Phonon

Zhipeng Li, Tianmeng Wang, Chenhao Jin, Zhengguang Lu, Zhen Lian, Yuze Meng, Mark Blei, Mengnan Gao, Takashi Taniguchi, Kenji Watanabe, Tianhui Ren, Ting Cao, Sefaattin Tongay, Dmitry Smirnov, Lifa Zhang, Su Fei Shi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

58 Scopus citations


Inversion symmetry breaking and 3-fold rotation symmetry grant the valley degree of freedom to the robust exciton in monolayer transition-metal dichalcogenides, which can be exploited for valleytronics applications. However, the short lifetime of the exciton significantly constrains the possible applications. In contrast, the dark exciton could be long-lived but does not necessarily possess the valley degree of freedom. In this work, we report the identification of the momentum-dark, intervalley exciton in monolayer WSe2 through low-temperature magneto-photoluminescence spectra. Interestingly, the intervalley exciton is brightened through the emission of a chiral phonon at the corners of the Brillouin zone (K point), and the pseudoangular momentum of the phonon is transferred to the emitted photon to preserve the valley information. The chiral phonon energy is determined to be ∼23 meV, based on the experimentally extracted exchange interaction (∼7 meV), in excellent agreement with the theoretical expectation of 24.6 meV. The long-lived intervalley exciton with valley degree of freedom adds an exciting quasiparticle for valleytronics, and the coupling between the chiral phonon and intervalley exciton furnishes a venue for valley spin manipulation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)14107-14113
Number of pages7
JournalACS nano
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 24 2019


  • chiral phonon
  • intervalley exciton
  • magneto-PL
  • time-resolved PL
  • tungsten diselenide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science
  • General Engineering
  • General Physics and Astronomy


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