Moderators of Outcome in a Brief Family-Centered Intervention for Preventing Early Problem Behavior

Frances Gardner, Arin Connell, Christopher J. Trentacosta, Daniel S. Shaw, Thomas J. Dishion, Melvin N. Wilson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

83 Scopus citations


This study investigated moderators of change in an empirically supported family-centered intervention (the Family Check-Up) for problem behavior in early childhood. Participants were 731 2- to 3-year-olds (49% girls; 28% African American, 50% European American, 13% biracial) from low-income families and had been screened for risk of family stress and early-onset problem behavior. They were randomized to the Family Check-Up intervention or to a no-intervention control group. Latent growth models examined sociodemographic and parent psychological risk factors as potential moderators of change in problem behavior between ages 2, 3, and 4. Results revealed 2 moderators of intervention effectiveness. Caregivers with the lowest educational levels were more responsive to the family-centered intervention, and 2-parent families were more responsive to the intervention. Other risk factors showed no predictive effects. Overall, findings suggest that this brief family-centered intervention can be equally effective in reaching the most distressed and most disadvantaged families, compared to those who are more advantaged. However, results suggest that more attention may be needed to address the intervention needs of single parent families in reducing problem behavior in early childhood.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)543-553
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of consulting and clinical psychology
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jun 2009
Externally publishedYes


  • child problem behavior
  • conduct problems
  • early prevention
  • moderators
  • parenting

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


Dive into the research topics of 'Moderators of Outcome in a Brief Family-Centered Intervention for Preventing Early Problem Behavior'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this