Modeling the slag behavior in three dimensional CFD simulation of a vertically-oriented oxy-coal combustor

Lei Chen, Sze Zheng Yong, Ahmed F. Ghoniem

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

63 Scopus citations


Slagging and fouling are important phenomena associated with ash handling and discharge in coal combustion and gasification. A slag model has been developed for modeling the ash/slag fate including char/ash deposition, char wall burning, molten slag flow, as well as solid slag layer formation on the reactor wall. The submodels are implemented as user defined functions in a three-dimensional computational fluid dynamics (CFD) code, and applied for the simulation of a pilot scale coal slagging combustion facility. The results on the two-dimensional cylindrical reactor wall show uneven char/ash deposition distribution due to the non-axisymmetric flowfield and char trajectories in the reactor. Molten ash properties such as the temperature of critical viscosity (Tcv) and slag viscosity are critical to the slag layer buildup and solid slag layer formation, and eventually affect the ash partition between slag and fly ash. The proportion of ash captured on the cylindrical wall decreases from 44.1% to 23.5% when Tcv increases from 1580 K to 1780 K. Since the reactor is configured with refractory-brick wall, the slag layer has limited impact on the heat transfer through the wall due to its small thickness.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)106-117
Number of pages12
JournalFuel Processing Technology
StatePublished - 2013
Externally publishedYes


  • CFD
  • Coal combustion
  • Gasification
  • Modeling
  • Slag

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology


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